The basic setup for the class I taught is an IBL class using group work and daily handouts. That's the base. My colleague, Paul Choboter, was a partner in the endeavor, and we worked together to develop the daily handouts and plans. A lot can be said about the partnership aspect, and I plan to write about that in another post down the road. In this post, I'd like to highlight one of the innovations Paul and I implemented, called "Learn by Doing" assignments.
One aspect of IBL teaching is taking advantage of what is given to you, when possible. At Cal Poly, the motto is "Learn by Doing." So we used this to give a name to a set of assignments focused on developing dispositions, growth mindsets, and practical integration of information and library research skills. You might need to call these "Go Wildcats!" assignments or whatever catchy moniker that suits your institution's environment.
What are Learn by Doing (LBD) Assignments? These are written assignments, conducted entirely outside of class, broadly spanning three main themes. The assignments are "added" to the course and do not replace the usual Calculus assignments expected of such a course. Each LBD assignment takes about an hour, and are collected weekly. The quarter (10 weeks) has 9 assignments in total.
The themes are
- Effective Thinking (or problem solving)
- University Library Resources
- Productive Failure
The second theme, University Library Resources, was co-developed with Kaila Bussert, Cal Poly Foundational Experiences Librarian. Freshman need to learn essential information skills and learn about the fact that libraries are not merely stacks of books. Finding good information via methods above and beyond basic internet search, such as using a library research database is an essential skill. Additionally, using library spaces for collaboration, and finding sections of the library related to students' majors were other focal points.
Productive failure was the last theme. A major obstacle for some students, in my opinion, is the misperception that mistakes are "bad," which is one of the unfortunate side effects afflicting many of our students, who have come up through a very rote memorization education. When mistakes are viewed as something to be avoided, then students holding this view are severely limited. Curiosity and the adventurous spirit of an explorer are sacrificed for the sake of not ever making a mistake. Productive failure is part of the set of topics within the general area of growth mindset.
A holistic, integrated approach
An important facet is that IBL courses provide an appropriate foundation or framework for Learn by Doing assignments. The structure of an IBL course is consistent with the themes of LBD assignments. Additionally the three LBD assignment themes work together as an ensemble, where effective thinking, using library resources, and productive failure (growth mindset) as aligned. Students learn about effective thinking, how to find useful information, and are encouraged to take a healthier perspective of mistakes and learn growth mindset.
My sense after the first round of implementation is that there are further opportunities in first-year courses to integrate a broad set of skills, content knowledge, and positive learning dispositions. Integrated approaches are more work to develop initially, but also offer a high upside. The upside is that we can teach our courses in ways that setup more students for success and align what we do in our classes to the big goals of education, to develop powerful learners.